Behavioral health conditions
Stress disorders result as an exposure to a traumatic or stressful event. A traumatic event can cause significant physical, emotional, or psychological harm. Two such disorders are acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Both share many of the same symptoms and can include depression, irritability, intrusive thoughts, aggression, severe anxiety and dissociation.
ASD typically occurs right after the traumatic event and lasts three days to one month. PTSD is a chronic condition which may appear sometime after the traumatic event and the duration is over a month.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, approximately 50% of individuals who develop PTSD initially presented with ASD. Common treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); mindfulness training, medication and/or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing treatment (EMDR).
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) Clinical Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Treatment of Patients with Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Quick Reference Guide (2004); and the APA Guideline Watch: Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (2009).
- Intrusion symptoms associated with traumatic event(s)
- Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event(s)
- Marked alterations in arousal and reactivity associated with the traumatic event(s)
- Negative alterations in cognitions and mood associated with the traumatic event(s)
- Dissociative symptoms including persistent or recurrent symptoms of depersonalization or de-realization